A study carried out by the Socioenvironmental Platform of the BRICS Policy Center, in partnership with the Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, analyzes the climate ambition of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa
“How big is the climate ambition of the BRICS countries?” is the name of the winning paper of the 2nd Runner Up Master Category for Climate Emergency and Challenges for BRICS Countries Subtheme, which took place at the 2nd BRICS Postgraduate Forum. Five studies were carried out, with one for each country in the bloc (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South AfricaThese included analyses of the profile of the national emissions and the NDCs (Nationally Determined Contributions), the positionings expressed in the negotiations of UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change), the main climate policies and initiatives in different areas, and the greatest domestic challenges that act as barriers to the increase of the climate ambition of these nations.
In relation to the last COP, which took place in Egypt, in 2022, the countries in the group that signed the declaration with respect to forests were Brazil, Russia and China. Brazil was the only one among the five countries that adhered to the Global Methane Pledge – however, it has not been incorporated into the latest update of the national NDC. We are the fifth largest emitter of methane gas on the planet, while the first place is occupied by China, the second by India and the fourth by Russia.
The research was conducted by the Socioenvironmental Platform of the BRICS Policy Center in partnership with the Postgraduate Program in Social Sciences in Development, Agriculture and Society at the Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro (CPDA/UFRRJ), with support from the Institute for Climate and Society. Authors: Beatriz Mattos, Camila Amigo, Caroline Boletta de Oliveira Aguiar, Maria Beatriz Peixoto Mello, Maria Clara Pereira and Priscilla Papagiannis.
The 2nd BRICS Postgraduate Forum is aimed at postgraduate students with the objective of developing the students’ ability to research BRICS in interdisciplinary aspects and encouraging sustainable solutions to global challenges.
To read the research in full, access the document here.