The initiative Climate and Development: Visions for Brazil 2030 had its global launch in the Brazil Climate Action Hub, a space supported by iCS at COP 26, which is taking place in Glasgow, Scotland. The final text of the document, produced by the Tanaloa Institute and the Climate Center at UFRJ, reflects a three-month consultation process with more than 300 experts and leaders representing presidents of companies, directors of social organizations, former ministers, governors, mayors, parliamentarians, directors of investment funds and coalitions and private associations. Most of this group, which currently accounts for 58% of the emissions in Brazil, is already committed to zero carbon before 2050.
The report shows that, among the Brazilian strategies to combat climate change, three are the most urgent alternatives: carbon pricing, control of deforestation and the construction of an economy of forest restoration. With investments in these areas, the country would have the capacity to reduce emissions between 66% and 82% by 2030, with 2005 as the base-year. The goal announced by the federal government during COP 26 is a 50% reduction by 2030, which is equivalent, due to the variation in the methodology of the monitoring, to something close to the former NDC, of 43%.
“We are not only proposing a transition of energy sources, but also a transition of jobs, a transition of business models, and a transition of the country model. This is what we are talking about,” says Natalie Unterstell, president of the Tanaloa Institute, in a report by Veja .
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