The Arayara Institute leads studies, diagnoses and mobilizations against the largest oil and gas auction ever held in Brazil, and manages, alongside partners, to significantly reduce the negative impacts

On the last day of the COP in Dubai, the so-called “End of the World Auction” took place in Brazil, which was the largest oil and gas auction ever held in the country in its history. The Arayara International Institute, an iCS grantee, actively participated with demonstrations against the event, held by the National Agency for Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP). One of the measures was the publication of a study and diagnoses on the impacts of the exploration of the 603 blocks that were part of the auction – of these, 94.2% were in zones of conservation units, indigenous territories, quilombolas or high-risk areas. The data can be accessed here and here, in the Monitor of the Free Amazon.

On December 13, mobilizations were carried out with more than 140 representatives from the affected communities and volunteers and organizations that had joined the campaigns “Fossil Auction No,” “Sea without Oil,” “Quilombo without Oil” and “Amazon Free of Oil.” The repercussion in the national and international press was massive: more than 1,600 newspapers, TVs and radios reported the demonstrations, according to the organization.

Among the offers, 77 blocks involved public civil actions (ACPs), and only 4 were acquired. Beyond these, another 189 were sold, which is a low number in relation to the total amount. The 11 blocks of the seamount chain of Fernando de Noronha did not receive any offers, as did those in the threatened Quilombola Territories – 5,617 inhabitants would have been impacted.

Three auctioned blocks placed indigenous territories (TI) at risk: TI Gavião, TI Lago do Marinheiro and TI Sissaíma, located in the state of Amazonas and belonging to the Mura people. In Santa Catarina, the Xokleng people from the TI Rio dos Pardos were also under threat.

“The ACPs and studies produced victories with the judicial branch, which excluded several blocks and also made the fossil industry desist from investing in high-risk areas of those with more severe environmental, climate and social impacts. The practical result is a victory, with more than 800 million tons of greenhouse gases left on the ground,” explains Juliano Bueno de Araújo, the director of the Arayara Institute.


Credit: Disclosure

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