The Climate Policy Initiative and Nexo Jornal have signed a partnership to publish reports and articles about energy efficiency (EE). The first report provides a timeline with the history of the subject in Brazil, starting in 1973, during the first oil crisis, when many countries began to adopt measures to reduce the dependence in relation to oil and its derivatives. In 1979, the second crisis reinforced this need, and some government programs were created. These included Conserve (Program of Energy Conservation for the Industrial Sector) in 1981 and PME (Program for Energy Mobilization) in the following year.
The second report , in turn, presents panoramas and challenges of energy efficiency in industry, showing that Brazil has not had the same success as other countries in the promotion of EE. The text is based on the research by the CPI “Energy and the misallocation of the resources: evidence for Brazil,” which answers some questions, such as:
In Brazilian industry, is there efficiency in the allocation of the energy resource among the firms, in other words, do the most efficient firms have the greater market share?
How is the efficiency of the energy allocation related to the productivity of the firms in the Brazilian industry and what are its effects on the aggregate product?
There are many answers, but one of the conclusions is that “there is considerable room for improvement in the energy efficiency levels, reducing the aggregate consumption of energy and the emissions associated with the generation and use of energy.”