The E+ Energy Transition Institute analyzes the role of Chile on the topic in a webinar, discussing the main challenges and opportunities for social and economic development
How did Chile, our neighbor, become one of the leading countries in energy transition in Latin America in recent years? What are the main challenges of this change and how can this be an important path for social and economic development? These were some of the questions that were answered during the webinar in the series “Political Economy of Energy Transition in the World,” held by the E+ Energy Transition Institute.
“Chile is at the forefront of testing different aspects of energy transition and I believe it can teach us a lesson on how to do it, of how not to do it, of what works, and how we can get there. In addition to renewables, the country has an outstanding position in relation to energy transition in the distribution,” said Rosana Santos, the executive director of E+. To get where it is today, Aurélio Oliveira, the CFO of Enel America, explains that Chile “has very solid institutions, is very market-oriented and has free trade agreements with the main nations of the world.”
Aniella Descalzi, the director of Innovation and Strategy of Adelat, adds that, since 2008, Law 20257 has placed a 10% quota on energy consumption from alternative sources. In 2013, it was replaced by another that increased the obligation to 20% to consume clean energy. In other words, it is a process that has already taken about 15 years. Watch the webinar here
Strengthen the watchdog capacity of civil society in relation to the commitments made at the national and subnational level and by the private sector that contribute to achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement.
Strengthen the climate policy of Brazil, especially by updating and strengthening the PNMC and revisiting its governance in the light of the Paris Agreement, ensuring the participation of the different actors and that the concepts of social justice, equity and climate racism are taken into consideration.
Ensure the incorporation of the full extent of the climate risks and impacts in the credit pricing, investment decisions and insurance coverage, through the use of regulatory and financial instruments and the incorporation of the climate agenda in the concept of fiduciary duty of the economic agents.
Stimulate the direction of public and private investments towards an infrastructure that is aligned with the transition to a low carbon economy through the advance of regulations and the promotion of access to “green” lines of credit.
Area 3 – Agents of change for climate action
Agents of change who must play a leading role in the just transition to a low carbon economy.
Strengthen the mobilization and the civic engagement in relation to climate change in the electoral processes, by raising the awareness of the electorate and the promotion of the communication capacity of the Amazonian organizations.
Engage the urban population of the Amazon in the defense of the social and environmental integrity in the cities of the Amazon and contribute to the advancement of the climate agenda, with the strengthened local civil society to play a leading role in the changes.
Promote the leadership of the Afro-descendant population in the climate debate and their fair participation in the decision-making processes, allowing them to promote solutions that are compatible with their security and rights and appropriate intersectoral climate actions and policies.
Strengthen the competitiveness of the renewable sources through the reform of the electric sector and promote the preparation of the regional development plans in the Northeast, guaranteeing the universal access to safe and accessible energy to everybody.
Promote the transition of the strategic industrial sectors to comply with a low carbon economic structure, considering the opportunities offered by energy efficiency, electrification, low carbon fuels such as biomethane and green hydrogen, as well as possible disruptive technologies.
Strengthen the implementation of the Forest Code by the strengthening of the command and control mechanisms, the consolidation and improvement of regulations, the support/promotion of technical assistance and economic incentives.
Strengthen the bioeconomy as a promoter of local and regional development, preserving the environmental integrity, increasing the leading role of the traditional populations and promoting their greater insertion in the national GDP and in our R&D&I policy.
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