Between February and March, a series of meetings in Brasília and also in the Northeast marked the presentation of a document that shows the impacts of wind farms on communities

The energy transition towards clean energy sources is fundamental for a low or zero carbon future in the world. Even so, the way in which the large wind and solar plants and their transmission lines have been installed in the Brazilian Northeast has resulted in numerous impacts, risks and damages to the territories and to the people and communities of the regions in which the plants are located.

With this information, several organizations have prepared, based on a provocation raised by the Northeast Power Plan (constituted by ClimaInfo, Gambá, Fundo Casa Socioambiental and Centro Brasil no Clima, with support from iCS), the document “Socioenvironmental safeguards for renewable energy,” which is an initial compilation of protective mechanisms and measures. It was created through the impacts and damages experienced by the people and communities who were directly affected.

The provocation, as ClimaInfo explains, was: how can our country generate and transmit renewable energy without violating human rights, causing injustice and environmental racism in the territories; put food production and food security at risk; cause deforestation and loss of fauna and biodiversity, and without establishing abusive contractual relationships and the concentration of income and leading to the expulsion of the rural communities from the land?”

Between February and March, the project coordinators and community representatives presented the document in Brasília, to representatives of the General Secretary of the Presidency of the Republic, the Ministry of the Environment, the Ministry of Mines and Energy, INCRA, the Ministry of Human Rights, and the Ministry of Agrarian Development, among others. The coordinations and advocacy work are permanent, just as the document is a living instrument, to be adapted, according to the organizers, improved and modified in accordance with the needs of the research and reports.

Governments from the Northeast also received the publication, with practical results: for example, the government of Pernambuco invited the group to the Working Group that intends to build a legal object with the aim of advancing issues related to the impacts and licensing of the wind farms.

The complete document can be read here.

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