It was not due to a lack of suggestions and detailed studies that the new NDC (Nationally Determined Contribution) presented by the Brazilian government was a reversal. On December 7, the Climate Observatory (OC), a network of 56 civil society organizations, published an NDC proposal in which Brazil would commit to an 81% reduction of net emissions by 2030, in relation to the 2005 levels – i.e., reach the end of the decade by emitting a maximum of 400 million tons of greenhouse gases, measured in carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e). Currently, this volume is 1.6 billion tons of CO2e.
To facilitate the compliance with the commitments, the OC lists some important public policies:
· eliminate the deforestation in all its biomes by 2030;
· restore 14 million hectares in areas of legal reserve and permanent preservation areas between 2021 and 2030;
· restore and recover 27,000 hectares in areas of salt marsh and mangrove between 2021 and 2030;
· recover 23 million hectares of degraded pastures between 2021 and 2030;
· implement 13 million hectares of integrated crop, livestock and forest (ICLF) systems between 2021 and 2030;
· have 80% of Brazilian crop areas cultivated under a no-till system by 2030;
· increase by 2 million hectares the area of planted forests in the period between 2021 and 2030;
· achieve at least 106 gigawatts of installed capacity of electric energy from solar, wind and biomass sources in 2030;
· expand the mixture of biodiesel in petroleum diesel (B20) to at least 20% by 2030;
· eliminate the subsidies for fossil fuels by 2030;
· eliminate the entry into circulation of new urban passenger transport vehicles powered by diesel engines by 2030;
· ensure the diversion of at least 8.1% of all the organic waste from landfill sites in the country by 2030;
· recycle at least 12.5% of all paper from household waste by 2030;
· recover or burn at least 50% of all the biogas generated in landfill sites;
· eradicate all open-air dumps in the country by 2024.
Another point that was addressed, which needs to be increasingly highlighted with the advance of the effects of climate change, is adaptation. For this reason, the network asks that the abandoned National Adaptation Plan is updated in 2021.
Read a summary of the suggestions for the NDC by the OC here and the proposal in full here .