IPAM has conducted a study that shows that greenhouse gas emissions in Brazil could increase by 18.7 billion tons if the Time Frame thesis comes into force
Bill 490, which determines the Time Frame, i.e., the demarcation only of officially occupied Indigenous Lands on the date of the enactment of the new Constitution, was approved in the Chamber of Deputies and has been forwarded to the Senate. The STF is also in the process of voting on the issue. In order to show the impacts, which go beyond the infringement of the indigenous rights over the lands that they traditionally occupy, IPAM produced a study that shows: the projected emission with the change in the land use that is now protected goes from 7.6 to 18.7 billion tons of CO2, which is equivalent to 5 to 14 years of greenhouse gas emissions in Brazil. This is because from 23 to 55 million hectares of vegetation could disappear as a result of Bill 490. Not only the country as a whole, but also the entire world will be affected.
Figure 1: Distribution of Indigenous Lands, types of vegetation and deforestation in the Legal Amazon (Data source: FUNAI (2022) and MapBiomas (2023) | Taken from the study